Current Forum Edition



The 10th Edition 2022 Forum is now complete.  We are continuing to publish on-line with all the interactive advantages and access to external web based information via links in individual articles.

See below for the content list and member’s access link. 

The 2020/21 is now part of the Forum /archive

The new edition will be made available to members through a membership password.
If you are reading this and you are not yet a member, why not join us.

After 12 months the password protection will be removed and the edition transferred to our archive pages and made publicly accessible.

FORUM is our flagship annual journal which brings the work of Community Archaeologists, Professional Archaeology Practitioners and Academic Researchers to the attention of members of CBA Yorkshire.

From 2019 the journal is being published on-line in order to take advantage of electronic publishing with opportunities to link with other on-line resources.  The reduction in distribution costs means that CBA(Y) now has more money to spend supporting primarily the work of community archaeology groups.

A decision was made early in the Covid first lockdown to publish on-line a series of ‘Forum’ Plus editions.  These are freely available to all and can be found on the Forum Plus Page

Following the continuation of special Covid measures, Forum Plus continued into 2021 and  the Forum 2020 edition cancelled due to the limited activity during the year.

Write for the FORUM Journal — We’ll help you spread the word!

Contributions are welcome from anybody involved in Yorkshire archaeology—fieldwork, research, community projects, education, commercial and developer-led activities. Items for the next volume should ideally be submitted by 31 October at the latest for publication in February the next year.

Not written before? Don’t be put off.
Editorial assistance is available on request to help aspiring writers showcase their work!


Current Edition Content —  Available to CBA Yorkshire members  — Access Link

Remember: The password is case-sensitive and should not be shared with others!

Section update for 2022 below in preparation!

Grant Projects 2021

During 2021 the Community Archaeology Fund was able to support the following four projects

Title Author Abstract
Land use within the hinterland of Isurium Brigantum
Nick Wilson
In 2007, a rare discovery near the Roman civitas of Isurium Brigantum, modern Aldborough, surprised the archaeologists: an impressive funerary monument had been built close to Dere Street, one of the main Roman roads in northern England. Recent geophysical surveys and archaeological excavations in the vicinity of the burial revealed distinctive features that could shed a new light on the economic and social interactions within the region during the Roman period.
Altogether Archaeology – The Iron Age at Gueswick Hills
Tony Metcalfe and Martin Green
The independent community archaeology group Altogether Archaeology continued their excavations at Gueswick Hills, near Cotherstone, in 2021 after their initial surveys in 2019 and forced break in 2020 due to Covid restrictions The site seems to be an Iron Age palisaded enclosure – the first one in this area if the hypothesis can be confirmed. Further research is currently carried out including Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) and radiocarbon analysis to date the remains of this very rare finding.
So you think you can Georeference?
Kevin Cowie
This article describes the acquisition of digital surveying equipment which can provide accurate positioning using a mobile phone based system.  This is one example out of a number of grants from CBA Yorkshire made during 2021 to affiliate groups.
Removing the Birstall Curse
Dave Russ
This article describes a discovery made during the South Leeds Archaeology excavation near Birstall, West Yorkshire.  The discovery of leather shoes, their subsequent preservation and possible use are discussed.



Title Author Abstract
Prehistoric Rock-Art at Tinker Brook Valley,
Sheffield, South Yorkshire
Tim Cockrell
There are examples of prehistoric rock carvings throughout Yorkshire, notably on Ilkley Moor and the surrounding area.  Carved stones were also found as part of an excavation of a prehistoric pit alignment at Boston Spa in West Yorkshire.  This article describes the identification of carvings in an area to the North West of Sheffield surveyed by the Bolsterstone Archaeology and Heritage Group in South Yorkshire.

Life, Death, and the Shadow World in Neolithic Spirituality
Tony Hunt
There are nine known major Neolithic henges in Yorkshire. They lie mainly across the Ure and Swale valleys of North Yorkshire, together with the Ferrybridge henge and the Newton Kyme henge. Their sizes and dimensions are surprisingly consistent for such diverse monuments, demonstrating a deliberate measure was applied.

Hedgerows and Historical Landscapes
Barry Wright
In this article Barry uses hedgerows as an example of how the historical landscape can be interpreted through a knowledge of various plant types.

Excavations at Eastfield, Scarborough
Paula Ware
This article describes the excavation of one of the most significant Late Iron Age Romano British sites undertaken in recent years.  The site near Scarborough has raised many questions which have still to be answered due to the unusual structures unearthed.
A newly recorded early 18th century garden at Gillingwood Hall near Richmond, North Yorkshire
Tim Gates and Trevor Pearson
At Gillingwood Hall, near Richmond, archaeologists and architectural historians have documented a previously unrecognised early 18th century landscaped garden. The garden probably dates to the 1740s and for the first time provides a context for three contemporary buildings that were listed in 1969.


Communities in Action

Breaking New Ground – Archaeological Excavation at the Abbots Staith Warehouse, Selby
Mark Simpson
In Selby, near York, some rare remains of a warehouse belonging to the medieval Abbey complex have survived and were investigated by the Abbots Staith Heritage Trust, funded by the Selby Town Council. The three trenches revealed structures that helped to reconstruct the architectural history of the warehouse and finds provided an initial hint to their dating. With those new insights in mind, further research might reveal a more substantial picture of the building’s past.
‘Any Old Iron’ Smelting/Forging in the Iron Age
– Experimental Archaeology
Brian Elsey
We often think of community archaeology in terms of planning and carrying out excavations.  North Duffield have done their fair share of this, however this article describes how a community group can go one step further and carry out experimental archaeology to better understand the past.
From a palace of Prince-Bishops to 17th century manor: how we established the Howdenshire
Archaeological Society
Stephen Lonsdale
This article describes how an interest in local history developed into an archaeological investigation and the birth of a new community archaeology society.
Excavations at Hornby Castle, Bedale
North Yorkshire
Erik Matthews
This article provides an update on recent discoveries at Hornby Castle following the earlier piece which was published on line during the summer of 2020. The discoveries in respect of the work on the site of the Medieval priest’s house will be reported here for the very first time.
Iron Age ‘shrine’ discovered in the Yorkshire Wolds
Peter Halkon and James Lyall
This article describes the discovery of an Iron age shrine associated with a Bronze Age Ring Fort which has been the subject of an excavation over the last four years
Petuaria Revisited – Excavations at Brough in 2021
Peter Halkon and James Lyall
In 2021 Peter Halkon and Martin Credland jointly led a Zoom presentation reflecting on the excavations at the site of Roman Petuaria during 2020. The video is available from the CBA Yorkshire website as part of the Video Archive. This article is an update describing the excavations that were carried out during the summer of 2021
Fieldwork by the Scarborough Archaeological and Historical Society 2021
Various Authors
This article outlines some of the work that the Scarborough Archaeological and Historical Society were able to carry out during 2021. Reports on the sites mentioned in this article can be downloaded from the website of the Scarborough Archaeological and Historical Society
Skipwith Moated Manor House Excavation
Brian Worrall
Following historical research into the history and origins of the village and following preliminary geophysics, excavation of a moated manor house was started in 2021.  Preliminary results are described in this article.
The Spitalcroft Enigma
Ken Shaw
An excavation of an underground structure at Knaresborough by a team of archaeologists from 3D Archaeological Society and Iron Age (Nidderdale) Community Archaeology Society was carried out to expose the full extent of the structure & obtain any archaeological evidence which might enable its date and purpose to be established.  Whilst much has been learned about the structure, many questions remain unanswered for the time being.


Behind the Scenes

Telling the Story of Knaresborough’s Archaeology
Kathy Allday
This article describes a new project in Knaresborough. A new museum is always an exciting prospect but in this case is even more significant because it is a community led project. Hopefully the article will be the first of many reporting on the progress once the museum is up and running.
Archaeology Collections during a pandemic:
Notes from the Yorkshire Museum
Andrew Woods
With a global pandemic, the work of museums has become an unforeseen challenge and the teams had to get creative to engage their audiences.
At the Yorkshire Museum, this goal was achieved with a new social media approach followed by engaging new exhibitions and acquisitions once the museum was able to open again.


Archaeological Register

Selected Recent Work by JB Archaeology Ltd
John Buglass  
John continues to submit an article each year outlining the work that he has been engaged in, which has relevance to archaeology in Yorkshire. This article describes work carried out during 2021 following Co-Vid guidelines.
Round Foundry, David Street,
Holbrook, Leeds
This article is an introduction to one of several excavations which have been carried out in an area of Leeds associated with many developments during the period of Leeds’ industrial growth during the 17th to 19th centuries. The area is now being extensively redeveloped with a subsequent loss of heritage sites.


 …and now the shipping news……
Ship Timbers in Historic Buildings


Jen Deadman and John Buglass
Recycling is nothing new.  There are many instances where it is claimed that reused timbers in constructing buildings came from ships.  This article describes one of the few examples found where ship timbers were actually identified during the survey of a historic building in Staithes, North Yorkshire.
Marshall’s A and B Mills – Early Industrial Flax Production in Leeds


Ashley Tuck
In 2019, an opportunity to investigate one of the first industrial flax mills arose when the West Yorkshire Archaeology Advisory Service recommended excavation of the nationally important demolished Marshall’s A and B Mills. The mills from the 1790s were at the forefront of a revolution in the linen industry. Along with the surviving Mills C–E and Temple Mill, they helped define the character of the developing industrial area of Holbeck, Leeds. The excavations revealed structural remains representing use of the site from the late 18th century through to the present day


An Iron Age and Romano-British field system and settlement at Partridge Hill Farm, High Common Lane, Austerfield, South Yorkshire


Andrew Valdez-Tullett
One hundred and five trial evaluation trenches were excavated at Partridge Hill
Farm at Austerfield, South Yorkshire, in an area where cropmarks suggested the
presence of an Iron Age/Romano-British field system and a group of enclosures.
Evidence for the conjectured field system in the form of 16 ditches, one of them
dating to the Middle Iron Age, along with a series of Romano-British enclosures
was revealed in the southern part of the evaluation area. Although situated
300m from a major Roman road and 3km from two Roman forts, all of the
pottery was of local manufacture. Not enough of the site was revealed to show
whether this was culturally significant or a product of depositional bias