Current Forum Edition


The 2019 Edition is available on-line and is no longer password protected. 

FORUM is our flagship annual journal which brings the work of Community Archaeologists, Professional Archaeology Practitioners and Academic Researchers to the attention of members of CBA Yorkshire.

From 2019 the journal will be published on-line in order to take advantage of electronic publishing with opportunities to link with other on-line resources.  The reduction in distribution costs means that CBA(Y) will have more money to spend supporting primarily the work of community archaeology groups.

Covid Update  A decision was made early in the Covid first lockdown to publish on-line a series of ‘Forum’ Plus editions.  These are freely available to all and can be found on the Forum Plus Page

Following the continuation of special Covid measures, Forum Plus has continued into 2021 and  the Forum 2020 edition cancelled due to the limited activity during the year.

A new edition will be presented at the February AGM and made available to members through a membership password.
If you are reading this and you are not yet a member, why not join us.

After 12 months the password protection has been removed and the edition transferred to our archive pages and made publicly accessible.

Write for the FORUM Journal — We’ll help you spread the word!

Contributions are welcome from anybody involved in Yorkshire archaeology—fieldwork, research, community projects, education, commercial and developer-led activities. Items for the next volume should ideally be submitted by 31 October at the latest for publication in February the next year.

Not written before? Don’t be put off.
Editorial assistance is available on request to help aspiring writers showcase their work!



Current Edition Content —  Available to CBA Yorkshire members


Title Author Abstract
A skills partnership in practice – the Cawood experience. Dave Went This article has been written by Dave Went CBA Yorkshire Secretary, using the 2019 Cawood Excavation as an example.
Dave outlines some of the many ways in which CBA Yorkshire can provide support for Community Archaeology groups who plan to engage in future projects.
Selby Conference Report Megan Clement Dryland A report on the successful ‘Pathways to the Past’ conference,
Selby September 2019
Fieldwork and excavation at Aldborough (Isurium Brigantum) 2009–19 Rose Ferraby and
Martin Millett
This paper summarises the research that has been undertaken at the Roman town of Aldborough (Isurium Brigantum) since 2009. This work is situated in the context of previous work on the site. Information is given about the publication of this research with links to a large amount of information now made available through open-access digital archives in Cambridge.
Rehabilitating The Fremington Hoard: evaluating ‘A hoard of Roman military equipment from Fremington Hagg’ written by G.A.Webster, 1971 and considering its significance for the archaeology of Upper Swaledale. John P.T. Gardner ‘Fremington is in upper Swaledale, close by Reeth. In 1852 a collection of objects found at Fremington Hagg was donated to the Yorkshire Museum. The collection included items (pendants, roundels, strap ends and other fittings) which would have been attached to Roman military horse harness.
Part of the collection was sold and is now in the British Museum. No item from the ‘hoard’ is on public display in the British Museum or the Yorkshire Museum. Its significance for the archaeology of Swaledale and Roman era exploitation of the North Pennines has not been fully appreciated.
Modern era analyses have misdirected the archaeological eye. This article attempts to disentangle the provenance of the ‘hoard’, reinterpret the collection and set the assemblage in its archaeological and topographic context.
The article argues that the reinterpreted hoard should be on public display as an assemblage and as powerful example of how the historiography of archaeological artefacts in prominent museum collections has obscured rather than illuminated the past.’
Roman rubbish and Out of Town Shopping? John Buglass and
Pete Wilson
A six year programme of excavation and research as part of the development of new school facilities at Norton has revealed and recorded evidence for human activity on the site covering the last 10,000 years. Within this time span the vast majority of the remains were from the Roman period between the 2nd and 5th centuries AD. These remains clearly showed the systematic development of the southern edge of the settlement from an agricultural landscape, though use as a burial ground, to commercial buildings before finally ending up as what appears to be the ‘town dump’.
Digging Sheffield a New Identity – Evaluation of the Site of Sheffield Castle Milica Rajic A three-month evaluation programme on the Site of Sheffield Castle conducted by Wessex Archaeology unearthed traces of raised earthwork – a motte, and proved the existence of a castle that pre-dated a stronghold demolished during the Civil War in the mid-17th century. In addition, the evaluation recorded the remains of the 18th century bowling green, slaughterhouses and steelworks and engaged with several hundred members of public who participated in the project.


Communities in Action

Title Author Abstract
Echoes of a Forgotten Past: Young Archaeologists help Rediscover an almost Remembered Icehouse Rebecca Hunt and Jim Jackson This is a story about how a Young Archaeologists Club helped to rediscover an ice house in the very park where they are based, Middleton Park, Leeds. Their two digs continued the exploratory work of Friends of Middleton Park and the initial dig of South Leeds Archaeology. Together with a little bit of background
Excavation at Aldborough Moor Farm by the Roman Roads Research Association, 2019 Mike Haken In 2016, aerial photography revealed that part of the Roman road from York to Aldborough (RR8a) appeared to have a complex construction, possibly comprising three carriageways. Subsequent geophysical survey, whilst failing to reveal the road, did identify a nearby complex of enclosures of probable Roman date. In September and October this year (2019), the Roman Roads Research Association (RRRA) embarked on an ambitious volunteer and community excavation to investigate the road, and assess the enclosures for potential Roman period settlement. The excavation was a huge success, both in terms of the importance of the archaeology and equally importantly in its community involvement.
Crin’s Fremington: Finding my way back to Domesday John P.T. Gardner This article attempts to identify the modern boundaries of Fremington, a district in Upper Swaledale, relating it to the entry in Domesday showing ownership to belong to Crin.

A combination of modern mapping techniques, together with extensive observations of the landscape have led to the conclusion that there is scope for further archaeological investigation.

FFWAP TO FORUM – An update Alison Spencer FFWAP (Fridaythorpe Fimber Wetwang Archaeology Project) was formed in September 2017 primarily to excavate ladder settlement features identified by a magnetometer survey carried out by James Lyall of Details of this excavation were reported in Forum, Volume 6 Page 115 in 2017.
In order to maintain a proactive archaeological presence throughout the year the group now carry out magnetometry surveys mainly in the High Wolds of the East Riding.
Finding Iron Age And Romans In Cawood Margaret Brearley
and Jon Kenny
For 16 years our local history group, Cawood Castle Gath Group (CCGG) have been researching the history of the village. This article describes the excavations carried out by community volunteers during 2019 with support including that of CBA (Yorkshire)
Recent Work near Scarborough Trevor Pearson During the last two years the Scarborough Archaeological and Historical Society (SAHS) has completed its survey of Raincliffe Woods.
(reported on in Forum Volume 6 2017 p85-6 and published a report.)
As a follow on to this project in 2019 the Society has undertaken a more detailed earthwork survey of the site of the 18th century forge which was located on the edge of the woods. At the invitation of English Heritage in 2019 the Society undertook an excavation at Scarborough Castle on a mound of spoil left over from an aborted attempt to construct a playing field in the castle grounds in the 1920s. It  turned out that the mound has a more complex history than first thought. In 2018 and 2019 the Society excavated on Castle Hill in the village of Brompton by Sawdon following on from earlier geophysical and earthwork surveys of the hill top. This work has revealed well-preserved medieval remains of a probable fortified manor house. The brief summaries which follow include links to pdf copies of the relevant reports.


Behind the Scenes

Title Author Abstract
(Re) Introducing the Archaeology Data Service: an Open Access digital archive for Archaeology Tim Evans The paper provides an overview of the current and historic work of the Archaeology Data Service (ADS), the only accredited archive for heritage data in the UK. The paper explains the background of the ADS, its current work and examples of the type of data it holds and how it can be used. The paper also provides a brief description of major projects at home and abroad: the redevelopment of the OASIS system for recording of UK heritage projects, and the Ariadne project which links digital records from across Europe.
Food for Thought:
Creating a research strategy for the Yorkshire Wolds
Chris Tuckley,
Mary-Anne Slater,
Jen Jackson
and Benedict Frankish
This article surveys the work completed thus far by York Archaeological Trust in the engagement phase of its Food For Thought project, a commission by Historic England to devise a research strategy for the Yorkshire Wolds. In 2018/19, YAT carried out a range of initiatives to elicit input for the strategy from potential audiences and participants across the Wolds region. These are briefly described, and the planned outcomes for the project summarised. One of these, a comic book designed to capture and represent responses to the engagement work, is discussed in more detail.


Archaeological Register

Title Author This section describes some of the significant professional work carried out in 2019 by the contributing archaeologists.
Selected Recent Work by JB Archaeology Ltd John Buglass
Recent Work in West Yorkshire Stephen Haigh
Community Archaeology Projects Jon Kenny